Koules Fortress of Heraklion Port in Pictures

A Glimpse Into the Medieval Fortress Koules 

 Koules Fortress, also known as Castello a Mare or Rocca a Mare, has a fascinating history that spans several centuries. It was built by the Republic of Venice in the early 16th century, between 1523 and 1540. As an integral part of an entire system of fortifications, Koules Fortress served as a strategic stronghold, providing a vantage point to monitor the sea and protect the city of Heraklion (Kandia, at that time) from maritime threats, including pirates and rival powers. 

 Koules Fortress is an impressive structure that showcases a blend of Venetian and Ottoman architectural influences. It consists of two floors, with the ground floor housing storage rooms and prison cells, while the upper floor used to serve as the main defense and lookout area. The fortress features thick walls, tunnels, and spiral staircases, which visitors can explore to get a sense of its military past. 

 Over the centuries, Koules Fortress has undergone various extractions and restorations to maintain its structural integrity. Despite these changes, the citadel remained in good condition and is today the historical emblem of the administrative center of the island,  Heraklion City. 

 In addition to its military significance, Koules Fortress has become a popular tourist landmark and cultural center. Inside the fortress, various educational exhibits, interactive displays, and artifacts offer insights into the island's past and provide a deeper understanding of the fortress's importance for Heraklion city. 

 Its historical significance, architectural grandeur, and cultural offerings make it a must-visit attraction for those interested in exploring the island's rich history.

Enjoy our photo album!

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